Every day online records are being transcribed by volunteers to help family researchers. This saves time for the researcher and is very helpful when searching for ancestors who moved around a lot. The handwriting on many of the documents is difficult to read. Looking at census records for my great-grandfather, Henry Schuetz, I found several spelling variations of his last name. When his father Carl came from Germany, he spelled his last name Schütz. Just to illustrate how difficult the handwriting can be, here are the spellings I found for his name from the transcribed census records from 1940 to 1870. Name spellings can make researching your family interesting and challenging! The e and u caused a little trouble for the transcribers.
- 1940 Schuetz
- 1930 Sch?Tz
- 1920 Schultz
- 1910 Schultz
- 1900 Schuetz
- 1880 Shute (actual spelling on census)
- 1870 Scheetz (on census Schutz)
So what did I find out about Henry from the census records? He was the second oldest son of Charles (Carl) and Catharina Schütz and was born in Texas. In 1870, the family lived in Precinct No. 1 in Blanco County, Texas.
In 1880, the Schutz family is living in Precinct No. 4 in Blanco County. Henry is 16 and a farm laborer along with his older brother Willie. There are now 10 children in the family.
By 1900 he is married to Emma, is 36 years old, was born in December 1863, a farmer, still living in Precinct No. 4 in Blanco County and has three children, Alex, Lillie, and Harry. Henry and Emma have been married for 11 years.
In 1910 he is 45 and has been married for 20 years. The family speaks English. He has three living children out of four and is a self-employed farmer. His father Charley is living with them. He is 71 years old and widowed. The family has moved and are living in Precinct #3 in Kendall County.
In 1920 Henry is 55, owns his farm and ranch. His youngest son, Harry, is the only child living at home with him and his wife Emma. Harry’s occupation is farm helper. They are living in Precinct #1 in Kendall County and all three can read and write.
In 1930 Henry is widowed and 65. Harry, a World War veteran, is living with him in Precinct #1 in Kendall County.
In 1940 Henry is 75, owns his farm, had 4 years of elementary schooling, and is a farmer “working on his own account.” His son Harry, age 41, is living with him. In 1935 they were living at the same address. The week before the census was taken both had worked 48 hours on the farm and in 1939 they each worked 52 weeks. Harry had 6 years of schooling and is a farmer.
Despite the name variations, I found quite a bit of information about Henry Schuetz.
Year: 1870; Census Place: Precinct 1, Blanco, Texas; Roll: M593_1576; Page: 354A; Image: 13; Family History Library Film: 553075.
Year: 1880; Census Place: Precinct 4, Blanco, Texas; Roll: 1291; Family History Film: 1255291; Page: 353D; Enumeration District: 026.
Year: 1900; Census Place: Justice Precinct 4, Blanco, Texas; Roll: 1612; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 0008; FHL microfilm: 1241612
Year: 1910; Census Place: Justice Precinct 3, Kendall, Texas; Roll: T624_1570; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 0159; FHL microfilm: 1375583.
Year: 1920; Census Place: Justice Precinct 1, Kendall, Texas; Roll: T625_1821; Page: 6B; Enumeration District: 167; Image: 461.
Year: 1930; Census Place: Precinct 1, Kendall, Texas; Roll: 2364; Page: 2A; Enumeration District: 0002; Image: 459.0; FHL microfilm: 2342098.
Year: 1940; Census Place: , Kendall, Texas; Roll: T627_4086; Page: 11B; Enumeration District: 130-2.