Once the Civil War was in full swing, every male from age 18 to 45 was required to register. As the war progressed and more men left home, the Indians began to raid more frequently. In December, 1863 an act of the 10th Texas Legislature divided the state into districts and mustered men to help protect the frontier. In March of 1864, Conrad Adam was 37 years old and enlisted with the Company for the 3rd Front. The commanding officer was Capt. William E. Jones who reported to Brigadier General J. D. McAdoo. I’m not sure how much action the company saw but they were prepared. Conrad served from March 1 to June 1, 1864 for a total of 23 days. He was paid $46.00 for his service but had to pay .50 for 1 powder horn, so he actually received $45.50. At the time of enlistment, he had 1 pistol, 1 shotgun, and 1 rifle. He was listed on the muster roll as Cornelius Adam but he signed for his wages as Conrad Adam. Thank goodness, otherwise I wouldn’t have been sure it was him. Heinrich Dietert, his brother-in-law, served with him.
I have often wondered if Conrad was a strong supporter of the Confederacy. Many of the Texas Hill Country Germans were very upset about being part of the Confederacy. When they arrived in Texas it was part of the United States and that’s where their loyalty lay. The area was in turmoil for a number of years with the lynching of German Union supporters in Fredericksburg and a massacre of Union German men from Comfort. It seems Conrad’s focus was in protecting his friends, family, and home from the raiding bands of Indians, so I guess I have my answer.
Conrad’s picture was taken well after the Civil War, but I just love those wide lapels. Reminds me of the 1970s, don’t you think?
“Kendall County Muster Roll February 1864.” Confederate Card File. The Archives Library, Texas State Library, Austin, Texas.