Phillip Theis left Offenbach, Nassau, Germany in 1855 on the ship Mississippi. Eight members of the P. J. Theis family came to Texas, his wife Margarethe and children, Anna, Jacob, Elsie, Henry, August, Caroline, and Catherine.
In 1860, Phillip appeared on the Blanco County Manufacturing Schedule. He owned a blacksmith shop valued at $400.00, and he had one employee over 16, which he paid $120.00 per year. His business was located on Main Street in Boerne.
Phillip Jacob Theis was one of thirty-three inhabitants to purchase burial plots in the Boerne Cemetery in 1867.
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Boerne Cemetery (Boerne, Kendall County, Texas). Phil. Jac. Theis marker; personally read November 2020.
I just found this deed in the Kendall County Deed Records, Volume 24, pages 595-596. I was unaware of its existence and never heard anyone in my father’s family mention it. In February 1909, my great-great-grandmother Katharina Fries Schuetz passed away and was buried within walking distance from their house in Kendalia. I had no idea that in December of 1909, my great-great-grandfather created a cemetery. He was buried there in 1923, and my grandma Lillie Adam said there were two infants buried there, too. I never gave it a thought that other family members could be buried there—what a beautiful tribute to his wife and family. The last time I visited the cemetery was in 1983.
I have transcribed the deed for easy reading.
The State of Texas |
County of Kendall | Know all men by these presents
that I, Henry Schuetz of the County of Kendall and State
of Texas, for and in consideration of the sum of Five
dollars to me in hand paid by Karl Schuetz of the
County of Kendall, the receipt of which is hereby acknow-
ledged, do by these presents, bargain, sell, release and
for ever [sic] claim unto the said Karl Schuetz his heirs
and assigns, all my right, title and interest in and
to that certain tract or parcel of land lying in the
County of Kendall and State of Texas, described as
follows, to wit: Being one acre of land, more or
less out of Survey No. 2, in the name of R. W.
Montgomery and being a part of the old Karl
Schuetz homestead on Curry’s Creek. The land hereby
conveyed is now used as a cemetery for members
of Schuetz’s family and relatives. To have and to
hold the said premises, together with all and singular
the rights, privileges [sic] and appurtenances thereto in
any manner belonging unto the said Karl Schuetz,
his heirs and assigns for cemetery purposes for ever [sic]
so that neither I, the said Henry Schuetz, nor my heirs
nor any person or persons claiming under me, shall
at anytime [sic] hereafter, have claim or demand any
right or title to the aforesaid premises or appurtenance
or any part thereof.
Witness my hand at Boerne this 3rd day of Dec.
The State of Texas|
County of Kendall| Before me, Jno. Reinhard, County
Clerk in and for the County of Kendall, in the State
of Texas, on this day personally appeared Henry
Schuetz known to me to be the person whose name
is subscribed to the foregoing instrument and
acknowledged to me that he executed the same
for the purposes and consideration therein expressed.
Given under my hand and seal of office this
3rd day of Dec. A.D. 1909.
Seal Jno. Reinhard
Clk. C. C. K. Co.
Filed for record in my office the 3rd December 1909
At 11 o’clock A. M. and recorded the 10th December
I had a great idea, but I am a digital native and can not figure out how to make it work. Most likely, I am using the wrong program. I planned to make an interactive chart listing the children and grandchildren of Philipp and Marie Peters Bauer. I made the chart but could not figure out how to make it interactive and work on WordPress simultaneously. I probably should have checked first to see if it was possible to do this. I do not think it is. I like my chart and decided to post it anyway. So, instead of clicking on a person’s name, go to the sidebar on the right and in the Search box type in the person’s name or scroll down to Categories, click on Bauer. To be a digital native must be bliss…
Do you know any stories about the Philipp Bauer family? Please add one in the comments. I would love to hear from you.
When did Philipp Bauer arrive in Texas? A question I have tossed around for quite a while. 1854 is the date used for his arrival to Texas, and I have also used it, but I do not know where the date originated. I am unable to locate a ship manifest with an 1854 arrival date. I did find a manifest for a Philipp Bauer who sailed on the ship Ammerland and landed in Galveston, Texas, on 28 October 1851. On board ship there were eight families from the same town of “Eenkirch.” The translator was uncertain of the spelling of the town. I looked in Meyers Gazetteer for the “Eenkirch,” but one was not listed. However, there was an Enkirch, Zell, Coblenz, Rheinland, Preussen.
Many of the people who settled in the Texas Hill Country were from the Rheinland area. There were other families or single persons from the same town aboard the ship. They were Georg Hant and his wife, Phil. Jac. Wagener, wife and three children; Joh. Carl Georg, wife and two children; Phil. Carl Georg; Sop. Elisab. Georg; Dan Mueller, wife and four children; and Philipp Kunz. The specific destination is not recorded for these families, but Hant, Wagener, and Georg families from Enkirch settled in Comal County. Phillip Bauer’s oldest daughter, Bertha, married Eduard Georg, the son of Phil. Carl (Charles) and Sophie Georg, in 1879 in Comal County. The 1900 Census lists the year of immigration for Philipp as 1850. I feel the 1851 Ammerland manifest lists my Philipp Bauer.
Philipp Bauer was born on 21 June 1820. He married Marie Peters in Comal County on 10 August 1855. I obtained a copy of the marriage license in 1999, and that is when I realized Philipp had not married Marie Busch. A grand aunt told me he married Marie Busch when the Kendall County Historical Commission was putting together the book Rivers, Ranches, Railroads, Recreation: A History of Kendall County. I did not double-check Marie’s maiden name. The deadline was fast approaching, so I went with it. That mistake has haunted me.
The family story is Philipp and Marie knew each other in Prussia. She arrived in New Braunfels and wrote Philipp telling him there were jobs available. He decided to immigrate, and then they married. I recently located another version of this story. Marie arrived two years before Philipp and was working in a hotel in New Braunfels. She wrote Philipp about work available in the area. He was a carpenter by trade. Present day Enkirch, is known for its historic timber houses. The 1900 census states Marie arrived in 1846. She would have been twenty-one. Did Marie come with her parents or another relative? I do not know. I have not been able to connect her to the Peter/Peters families living in Comal County at the time. She may have come with relatives and then had to work at the hotel to support herself.
In the fall of 1859, two men, Herman Seele and John Schumacher*, spoke on Philipp’s behalf, stating they had known him for five years and he was a man of good moral character. Philipp became a citizen of the United States and received a naturalization certificate.
On the Comal County 1856 Tax Roll, Philipp Bauer had 160 acres of preemption land on the Guadalupe River from Survey 72. He owned one horse valued at $50.00, 1 buggy valued at $150.00, merchandise on hand valued at $250.00. The total value was $3500.00. He paid .75 for poll tax, $5.221/2 for state tax, and $2.91¼ for county tax. On the 1857 Tax Roll, he owned 160 acres, one horse, and ten head of cattle. He must have sold the buggy and decided not to have merchandise on hand. The stream nearest his land was Curry’s Creek. Sam Houston was governor at the time and signed land patent. It was here Philipp built a log cabin. He later received two more land patents in Kendall County, 156 5/10 acres in Survey 306 and 160 acres in Survey 730.
In 1893 Philipp and Marie sold their land to their son Ernst for $1500.00. The couple placed a stipulation in the deed stating, “reserve to ourselves from this conveyance for the full term of our natural life the use and ownership of our present dwelling house, also the use and enjoyment of five acres of farming land now in cultivation in our field or farm. At the death of both of these grantors the property and premises hereby reserved shall become the possession of the grantee Ernst Bauer…” Philipp was 73 and Marie 66 years of age. Rosa Bauer, Ernst’s wife, sold the land in 1934 to Max Hofheinz. The house and property are now part of the Guadalupe River State Park in Spring Branch, Texas.
Indians were roaming the area when the Bauer family moved to their land. It makes me wonder what kinds of experiences they had. In 1855 at Judge William E. Jones‘ place along Curry’s Creek, two men searching for oxen were attacked by Indians. These Indians had stolen several horses from Sisterdale and the surrounding area the night before. Raids in upper Comal County along the Blanco and Guadalupe Rivers were a common occurrence. Groups of men would pursue them when these raids occurred, but there is no record showing Philipp took part in them. Eyewitness accounts at the time stated all persons needed to be armed even if they were going to the barn because they never knew when a raid would occur.
Phillip’s land had initially been in Comal County. In 1858 it became part of Blanco County. The 1860 Agriculture Schedule gives an idea of how his farm operated. He had 10 acres of improved land and 150 unimproved lands. His farm’s value was $300.00, and he owned $50.00 worth of farming implements and machinery. He had two milk cows, two working oxen, 18 other cattle, and ten swine. He grew Indian corn, and when the census was taken, he had 40 bushels on hand.
After the Federal troops left the state at the beginning of the Civil War, Indian raids occurred with renewed vigor. The State of Texas organized troops to help with the Indian situation. Philipp’s name does not appear on any surviving lists. After the war, while Texas was under military rule, any man who wanted to vote had to register in 1867. Philipp does not show up on the Kendall, Blanco, or Comal voter lists. In previous years he paid his poll tax, so it seems he voted prior the war.
By 1900, Philipp and Marie lived with Carl and Louise Wessely, their daughter, son-in-law, and family. In this time, older people generally lived with one of their children, so they had someone to care for them. When the family could not take care of them any longer and were exhibiting irrational behavior that could not be controlled, a family member could petition the court for a lunacy hearing. This is what happened to Philipp Bauer. We can only speculate what was happening, maybe dementia. The case was brought forward by his son-in-law Carl Wessely, Jr. On 8 November 1901, Kendall County Judge Henry Theis heard the case State of Texas vs. Philipp Bauer. These seven questions and answers were presented to the court.
Is Philip Bauer, the Defendant, of unsound mind? Ans. Yes
If the Defendant is of unsound mind, is it necessary that he be placed under restraint? Ans. Yes
If you answer both the foregoing questions in the affirmative, then what is the age and nativity of the Defendant? Ans. Age 82 years, native of Germany
How many attacks of insanity has he had and how long has the present attack existed? Ans. Off and on, for the last six mths. Ans. The last attack lasted 8 days.
Is insanity hereditary in the family of the Defendant or not? Ans. No
Is the Defendant possessed of any estate, if so, of what does it consist and its estimated value? Ans. $300 note
If the Defendant is possessed of any estate, are there any persons legally liable for his support, if yea name them. Ans. According to the evidence none
This document was signed by the jurors, F. W. Horner, Wm. Vanderstratten, Willie Stendebach, J. S. Crist, G. Forshon, R. Schwarz.
The decision of the court: “Whereupon it is adjudged, that the said Phillip Bauer is a lunatic and it is ordered by the Court, that he be conveyed to the Lunatic Asylum at San Antonio County of Bexar, for restraint and treatment, and that the costs of this proceeding be agrudged against.” H. Theis, County Judge Kendall
Philipp Bauer died at the asylum six weeks later, on 5 January 1902. He was buried in the Kreutzberg Cemetery in Kendall County. According to his wife, Marie’s obituary, she “had been ill since the death of her husband three years ago.” I wonder if she ever saw him again.
*John Schumacher arrived in New Braunfels in 1845 with his wife, Margarite. In 1860 he was a landlord. John is from Rosdorf, Hesse-Cassel. Could he be the owner of the hotel where Marie Peters worked?
Do you have a story about Philipp Bauer? Share it in the comments. I would love to learn more about my great-great-grandfather.
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Bauer, Mrs. Mary. San Antonio Express (San Antonio, Texas) 15 March 1905. Genealogybank.com.
Bauer-Peters. Comal County Marriage Records. County Clerk’s Office. New Braunfels, Texas.
Bauer, Philipp. Kendall County Probate Minutes, Vol. 4, 79p. County Clerk’s Office. Boerne, Texas.
Carmack, George. “A New Park in Our Future.” San Antonio Express-News, 13 August 1977.
Comal County Tax Rolls, 1856, 1857, 1858. Familysearch.com.
District Court Minutes, Vol C, 243p. Comal County District Clerk. New Braunfels, Texas.
“Boerne, Tex., March 14 – Mrs. Mary Bauer died yesterday afternoon at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Chas Wessly[sic], at Kreuzberg Interment was made at Kreutzberg cemetery at 1 o clock today Mrs. Bauer was 76 years of age and had been ill since the death of her husband three years ago She was born in Germany, but came to Kendall county fifty years ago. One son and three daughters mourn her loss Ernst Bauer, Mrs. Chas. Wessely and Mrs. Bertha George of Kendall county, and Mrs. Henry Schuz [sic Schuetz] of Blanco.”
Amanda George was born on 27 February 1882. On 30 April 1898, she married John Goins in Atascosa County, and they had three children, Emma, and twins, Earl Ray and Pearl Fay. When the twins were seven, she married Albert Padier on 19 January 1917. They were married in Bexar County by Lewis H. Morey. George P. and Hilma Morey were witnesses. Bexar County Clerk, Frank R. Newton, recorded Albert’s last name as Padilla. In 1943, Amanda corrected the spelling to Padier.
Albert and Amanda had two children, Wilton and Albert, Jr. In 1930, the family lived in Atascosa County, and Albert is working as a laborer in a sandpit. They live two doors down from her sister Lillie and family.
On her son Wilton’s World War II registration card, he is described as 6’1”, brown eyes, black hair, and dark complexed. Albert is described as 5’ 9”, hazel eyes, black hair, and dark complexed. On the 1940 census, both Wilton and Albert are farmhands on their father’s farm. The Padier family lives next door to the Hugo George family and Bertha George on 66 Hi-way.
Amanda’s grandson, Wilton, Jr, enlisted in the Army in 1968 when the United States was involved in the Vietnam conflict. His tour of duty began in December of 1968. In November 1969, the helicopter he was flying in was shot down by hostile ground fire. Wilton is buried in Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery. Wilton was a graduate of Harlandale High School in San Antonio.
Amanda died on 5 August 1956. She is buried in the Jourdanton Cemetery in Atascosa County, Texas. She was 74 years old.
Hugo George, their second child, was born on 13 May 1885. Hugo married Olivia McGraw on 6 November 1907 in Bexar County. In 1910, Hugo and Olivia were living with her parents. Eight years later, he wrote on his WWI Registration card that he worked as a laborer with Wagner Sand Company. By 1920, he is farming, and they have four children. By 1930, they have a total of seven children.
Hugo is described as 56 years old and living on Highway 66 in San Antonio on his WWII Registration Card. He is 6’, 219 pounds, blue eyes, brown hair, with a light complexion.
His wife, Olivia, died in 1951 and was buried in the George Family Cemetery. Hugo died eight years later and was buried next to her.
Lillie Mary George was born in 31 January 1891. She married George McGraw 18 September 1906. In 1910 they lived in Precinct 4 of Bexar County, where George farmed for a living. They later moved to Wilson County, where George worked as a laborer. In 1920 the family lived in Atascosa County, where George works as a laborer in a sandpit. Lillie and George had twelve children. When she died in 1938, they were living in Bexar County on Route 7. She was 47 years old. Her youngest child was three.
In the San Antonio Light 25 April 1945 issue, George and Lillie’s son, August, was interviewed while home on leave. He enlisted as a private in the Army on 18 April 1941 at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. The Army sent August to the Southwest Pacific Theatre: Philippines Islands. He was captured in April 1942 in Bataan. He traveled by truck from Bataan to Camp O’Donnell, where he was on the burial detail to bury “prisoners of war who survived the death march but not the rigors of camp life.” He was moved three more times to other camps, but he said Camp O’Donnell was the worst. When he entered the first camp, he weighed 160 pounds, and when he was liberated on 4 February 1945, he weighed 115 pounds. August died in 1991 and is buried at the Fort Sam National Cemetery.
Lillie’s husband, George, died in 1962 and is buried at the George Family Cemetery.
Oscar George was born on 10 July 1896. On his WWI Registration card, he is described as having blue eyes and sandy color hair. His address was R.F.D. #D, Box 120, San Antonio, Texas. In 1942 when he registered for the Old Man’s Draft, his address was Route 7, Box 413. He is 45, 6’ tall, blue eyes, and gray hair. Oscar lived on the family farm until he died in 1987. He was buried in the George Family Cemetery.
Do you have a story to tell about Amanda, Hugo, Lillie, or Oscar? Please share it in the comments. I would love to hear a story about one or all.
When Bertha Bauer was born in 1857, her parents, Philipp and Marie Peters Bauer, lived in Comal County. Her father was an experienced carpenter. As soon as he acquired land, he probably built a small log cabin for his family. Like most Germans who came to Texas, her father was a farmer. When she was born, he owned 160 acres of land along Curry’s Creek. She grew up living and working on the farm. It was self-sufficient with cows for milk, chicken for eggs, pigs and cattle for meat, a vegetable garden, and most likely fruit trees.
It took several hours by horse and buggy to travel to New Braunfels for supplies. New Braunfels was the fourth largest city in the state when Bertha was born. The Bauer farm became part of Blanco County In 1858, and in 1862, it became part of Kendall County. Her brothers and sisters, Otto, Louise, Ernst, and Emma, were all born in Kendall County.
Bertha married Eduard Georg on 3 September 1879 in Comal County. Eduard parent’s Philipp Carl “Charles” Georg and Sophie Georg traveled on the same ship as her father. According to the ship manifest, they came from the same town, Enkirch in Prussia. Bertha and Eduard probably knew each other as children growing up. When Bertha and Eduard married, they moved to Bexar County and lived in Precinct 2. They had been married nine months when the 1880 census was taken. Eduard was 26, and Bertha was 23. Eduard is farming, and she is keeping house.
In 1882, Edward George applied to receive a pre-emption land patent for 160 acres in Bexar County, stating he “settled upon vacant public domain” land in accordance with the Homestead Donation Act approved by the State of Texas in 1870. In 1894, two citizens, B. D. Shield and J. P. Payton, stated in a swore Proof of Occupancy affidavit that Edward George lived on this land.
In 1888, their property was valued at $420.00. Edward owned two mules valued at $25.00 and 15 head of cattle valued at $90.00. He paid a total of $4.90 for state and local taxes, plus he paid .38 for a railroad subsidy. Six years later, their property was valued at $480.00. Edward owned two wagons valued at $40.00, tools and machinery, valued at $20.00, one mule valued at $90.00, and five head of cattle valued at $25.00. He paid $6.24 in state and county taxes plus .41 for a railroad subsidy. Included in his state and county taxes, he paid $1.50 for state poll tax and .25 for county poll tax.
Edward and Bertha had four children, two boys and two girls. Amanda (Robert Reynolds Goins, Albert Padier) was born 27 February 1882, Hugo (Olivia McGraw), 13 May 1885, Lillie Mary (George McGraw), January 1891, and Oscar, 10 July 1896.
In 1900, the family lived in Precinct 6 in Bexar County on Rockport Road near Pleasanton Road. They owned their farm, and it was free of mortgage. Everyone could read and write except for Lillie and Oscar. In 1910, Mary Georg was recorded as living with George and Lillie McGraw. She is listed as the mother-in-law to the head of household and her marital status is widowed. Her son Oscar, age 14, is also living with them.
In 1919, Bertha agreed to lease their 160 acres for five years to Fred Maule. The lease stated it was “for the sole and only purpose of mining and operating for oil and gas, and of laying pipe lines, and of building tanks, powers, stations and structure thereon to produce, save and take care of said products…” She was paid $85.00 for the five year lease. Her husband, Edward, was with her when she signed the document so I am unsure why she is listed as a widow in 1900.
She was not living with the McGraw family in 1920. They are living in Atascosa County. In 1930, Bertha and her son Oscar live next door to her oldest son Hugo and family on Campbelton Road in Precinct 6. She owns her home valued at $1600.00. In 1940, the census stated she lives on 66 Hi-way next door to her daughter, Amanda Padier, and husband Albert and family. Her son Oscar lives with her.
Her husband Edward died on 12 March 1926, and Bertha died on 16 February 1947. They are both buried in George Family Cemetery in Bexar County.
When Bertha died in 1947, her son Hugo was the executor of her will. Bertha authorized and empowered her executor to sell and distribute all her real property. Oscar, her son, purchased the property for $1.00.
Although, their address changed on each census, Bertha did not move. As San Antonio grew, the addresses and roads changed, but Bertha continued to live on the land her husband acquired for them.
Note: Georg was originally spelled without an e. The spelling was “Americanized” in the 1880s by adding an e at the end. The spelling of Eduard changed to Edward. This happened to many German names.
Bertha is my Grandma Lillie Adam’s aunt.
Do you have a story to tell about Bertha? Please share it in the comments. I would love to hear a story about her.
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Bertha Bauer George, DC, Ancestry.com.
Bertha George Estate, Bexar County Deed Records, Vol. 2675, p167.
Absolutely, but when it is a census taker, it is much harder to forgive, especially when searching for a person who was born 164 years ago. Here is an example of what I mean.
On the tombstone and the death certificate, the year of birth is 1857. Ok, that works! Let us look at the census records as another source to confirm the date.
In 1860, the census destroyed
In 1870, 10
In 1880, 23 (married nine months before census)
In 1890, the census destroyed
In 1900, 40
In 1910, 48
In 1920, still looking for this one
In 1930, 80, said married at age 16
In 1940, 93 or 83 (looks more like 83)
In 1947, on the death certificate, 89
So what year was she born? There is no birth certificate. Birth dates were not as important in the 19th century as they are today.
So, how was the census taken? The census taker would go house by house and ask questions from the census about who lived there. Depending on who the census taker talked to depended on the answers they received. Sometimes they asked the father working in the fields, whoever answered the door, or a neighbor because no one was home, and they did not want to return the next day. The census taker did not record who gave the information. That is not all. The census taker had to handwrite three copies of the census going line by line and guess what happens when a person must copy something three times. Mistakes, Mistakes, Mistakes. We all make them.
When my son was in college, he received an F in Algebra. He was stunned. When he contacted the professor, she was also stunned. Then she remembered the fire alarm had gone off while she was recording grades. She had to leave immediately. While hurrying to leave, her ruler slipped out of alignment in her grade book and my son received the grade below his name. I never did find out how many grades she had to correct. So, mistakes happen, but I wish I had somebody to call.
Then there are name misspellings and poor handwriting, but that is another story. I am trying hard to forgive all the mistakes made in recording the census. So, 1857 sounds like an excellent year!
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Pope, Alexander. An Essay on Criticism, Part II, 1711.
I have attended RootsTech for the past five years. Due to COVID-19, this year it is virtual. The sessions are engaging, helpful, and shorter than an in-person session. What I miss is the overall enthusiasm, and there is always lots of it!
One of the features at the RootsTech Conference is connecting with relatives who are registered to attend. I have never had a close cousin connection. My list usually starts with 5th cousins. This year I have three third cousins once removed!! Two are from my father’s side, Adam and Bauer, and one from my mother’s side, Goehring. So exciting!
The definition of a third cousin once removed is:
Third cousins share great-great grandparents. A child of my third cousin is my third cousin once removed and I am their third cousin once removed.
Here is an example from my family.
Susie and Kathryn are descended from the same great-great grandparents, Philipp and Marie Peters Bauer.
You can use this same format to discover your third cousins once removed.