Conrad's Stories

The life and times of the Conrad Adam family in Kendall County, Texas

Jacob was twenty years old when he arrived in Texas.  He sailed on the ship Mississippi with his father and mother, Phillip Jacob, and Margarethe Kessler Theis and his siblings.  They were from Offenbach, Nassau (Germany). 

Jacob married Wilhelmine Gass on 2 October 1860.  In the 1870 Kendall County Census, his profession is  blacksmith, is married to Wilhelmine and has four children.  By 1900 they have a total of eleven children, Robert, Anna (Achterberg), Emma, Lina (Dietert), Rudolph, Alma (Phillip), Louise (Bergmann), Emilie, Clara (Toepperwein), August, and Ida.

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Boerne Cemetery (Boerne, Kendall County, Texas). Jacob Theis. marker; personally read November 2020.

1870 Kendall County Census,

1900 Kendall County Census,

“Jacob Theis.”  Death Certificates, 1903-1982.

Henry and Emma Schuetz, Boerne Cemetery


1868 – 1927


1864 – 1950

Emma is the daughter of Philipp and Marie Peters Bauer and Henry is the son of Carl and Katharina Fries Schuetz.

They are my great-grandparents.

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Boerne Cemetery (Boerne, Kendall County, Texas). Henry and Emma Schuetz marker; personally read March 2021.

Emma Bauer Schuetz, circa 1893

Emma is the youngest child of Philipp and Marie Peters Bauer.  She grew up on the family farm in Kendall County, Texas, with her siblings Bertha, Otto, Louise, and Ernst.  Her older brother Otto died between 1870 and 1880.  No records are available listing Otto’s exact death date or where he is buried, but she remembered him as she used Otto as her oldest son’s middle name. 

Emma was born on 27 February 1868 on the family farm in Spring Branch. The farm was located about halfway between Boerne and New Braunfels on what is now Highway 46.  Her father, an experienced carpenter, built the house.  Two generations of Bauer descendants lived there.  The Max Hofheinz family purchased the farm in the 1930s when her sister-in-law, Rosa Bender Bauer, sold it. The house is located in Guadalupe State Park.

On 14 December 1889, Emma married Henry Schuetz.  Henry purchased their marriage license in Kendall County. Charles Ohlrich, the Justice of the Peace for Precinct 3 in Comal County, officiated the marriage ceremony.  Ph. Acker and L. Willke witnessed the marriage.  Henry, the son of Carl and Katharine Fries Schuetz,  was born near Bear Creek, close to New Braunfels, in Comal County in 1864.

In January 1895, Henry and Emma purchased land from his aunt and uncle, Joe and Annie Saunders, for $500.00.  The “…tract of land being on Curry’s Creek about 9 ½ miles West of the Twin Sisters and 33 miles N. 55 W from New Braunfels…” They sold this property containing 190 acres to William Schuetz, Henry’s oldest brother,  in 1898 for $800.00.   In June 1899, they purchased land next to the Blanco River in the town of Pittsburg in Blanco County.  On the 1900 Federal Census, the Henry Schuetz family is living there.

In 1910 they live in Kendall County on the Karl Schuetz homeplace along Curry’s Creek in Kendalia.  Karl, Emma’s father-in-law, age 71, is living with them.  His wife died the year before.  Emma is 42 years old and has had four children with three living, Alex Otto (1890), Lillie Katherine (1895), and Harry Charles (1898).  Her husband, Henry, is farming, and her father-in-law, Karl, had his own income.

Emma and her daughter Lillie at the Schuetz homeplace in Kendalia

On 4 May 1916, Emma purchased a Beneficiary Fund from the Supreme Forest Woodmen Circle for $333.33.  If she died after owning the policy for three years, the beneficiaries would receive $1000.00.  The beneficiaries were her husband Henry and the children Alex, Lillie, and Harry.  The fund would also pay $100.00 toward  the “erection of a monument in memory of the member.”   Emma belonged to Fern Grove, No. 1400 in the Supreme Forest Woodmen Circle in Texas.  Clerk Minnie Davis witnessed the policy.  1916 may have been the year that Emma learned she had tuberculosis.  Her obituary states she died “after an illness of some duration.”

In 1918 Texas women tried to convince the governor of Texas that they should have the right to vote in elections.  Governor William P. Hobby agreed to allowed them to vote in the upcoming Texas Primary.  Emma registered to vote on 5 July 1918, just in time for the Democratic Primary on 27 July.

Signature in 1916

Two years later, Henry, Emma, and their youngest son, Harry, live on a farm and ranch along Welfare Road or Fredericksburg Road.  The 1920 census lists both roads next to their name. Henry sold this farm to Willie Rust in October of 1920, and they moved to a small farm along Johns Road.  The disease must have progressed since they decided to move so close to town and near Dr. John Nooe, her physician.

Left to Right – Harry Schuetz, Mrs. Lex, Emma and Henry Schuetz at house on Johns Road, Boerne

Emma Bauer Schuetz, age 59 and one month,  passed away at her home near Boerne on 27 March 1927.  Rev. George Belsey performed the funeral service.  Pallbearers were Gus. Bower, Chas. Pfeiffer, Chas. Dienger, Max Richter, Joe Vogt, and Ernst Haufler.  She was buried in the Boerne Cemetery.

Emma was my dad’s grandmother.  She died when he was two years old, so he did not remember her.  He always understood she died in a house on the corner of Turner and San Antonio Streets in Boerne.  The house was a small sanitarium or hospital.  Years later, my maternal grandparents, Paul and Ame Richardson bought the house, and they would sometimes mention this story.  Now that I reread the obituary and it states she died in her home, I wonder if maybe she stayed at the house to receive extra care and then went home?

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Blanco County Deed Records, Vol )R, p 63-64. County Clerk’s Office, Johnson City.

Blanco County Deed Records. Vol 17, p44-46. County Clerk’s Office, Johnson City.

Kendall County Deed Records. Vol 15, p137-139. County Clerk’s Office, Boerne.

Kendall County Deed Records. Vol 17, p154-156. County Clerk’s Office, Boerne.

Kendall County Deed Records. Vol 35, p60-61. County Clerk’s Office, Boerne.

Kendall County Marriage Records, County Clerk’s Office, Boerne, Texas.

Obituary, The Boerne Star,  March 1927.

1900 Blanco County Census,

1870, 1880, 1910, 1920 Kendall County Census,

Women’s Voter Registration Receipt #16, Kendalia 1918.

Phil. Jac. Theis Tombstone


Geboren 23 Oct 1809

Gestorben 14 Mai 1876

Friede Seiner Asche

[Translation: God Rest His Soul]

Phillip Theis left Offenbach, Nassau, Germany in 1855 on the ship Mississippi. Eight members of the P. J. Theis family came to Texas, his wife Margarethe and children, Anna, Jacob, Elsie, Henry, August, Caroline, and Catherine.

In 1860, Phillip appeared on the Blanco County Manufacturing Schedule.  He owned a blacksmith shop valued at $400.00, and he had one employee over 16, which he paid $120.00 per year.  His business was located on Main Street in Boerne.

Phillip Jacob Theis was one of thirty-three inhabitants to purchase burial plots in the Boerne Cemetery in 1867.

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Boerne Cemetery (Boerne, Kendall County, Texas). Phil. Jac. Theis marker; personally read November 2020.

1860 Non-Population Census. Blanco County.

Gray, Edith A., Recollections of Boerne and Kendall County, 1949.

Carl and Katharina Fries Schuetz

I just found this deed in the Kendall County Deed Records,  Volume 24, pages 595-596.  I was unaware of its existence and never heard anyone in my father’s family mention it.  In February 1909, my great-great-grandmother Katharina Fries Schuetz passed away and was buried within walking distance from their house in Kendalia.  I had no idea that in December of 1909, my great-great-grandfather created a cemetery.  He was buried there in 1923, and my grandma Lillie Adam said there were two infants buried there, too.  I never gave it a thought that other family members could be buried there—what a beautiful tribute to his wife and family.  The last time I visited the cemetery was in 1983.

Katharina Fries Schuetz

I have transcribed the deed for easy reading.

The State of Texas |

County of Kendall | Know all men by these presents

that I, Henry Schuetz of the County of Kendall and State

of Texas, for and in consideration of the sum of Five

dollars to me in hand paid by Karl Schuetz of the

County of Kendall, the receipt of which is hereby acknow-

ledged, do by these presents, bargain, sell, release and

for ever [sic] claim unto the said Karl Schuetz his heirs

and assigns, all my right, title and interest in and

to that certain tract or parcel of land lying in the

County of Kendall and State of Texas, described as

follows, to wit: Being one acre of land, more or

less out of Survey No. 2, in the name of R. W.

Montgomery and being a part of the old Karl

Schuetz homestead on Curry’s Creek.  The land hereby

conveyed is now used as a cemetery for members

of Schuetz’s family and relatives.  To have and to

hold the said premises, together with all and singular

the rights, privileges [sic] and appurtenances thereto in

any manner belonging unto the said Karl Schuetz,

his heirs and assigns for cemetery purposes for ever [sic]

so that neither I, the said Henry Schuetz, nor my heirs

nor any person or persons claiming under me, shall

at anytime [sic] hereafter, have claim or demand any

right or title to the aforesaid premises or appurtenance

or any part thereof.

  Witness my hand at Boerne this 3rd day of Dec.

A.D. 1909.

                                                  Henry Schuetz

The State of Texas|

County of Kendall| Before me, Jno. Reinhard, County

Clerk in and for the County of Kendall, in the State

of Texas, on this day personally appeared Henry

Schuetz known to me to be the person whose name

is subscribed to the foregoing instrument and

acknowledged to me that he executed the same

for the purposes and consideration therein expressed.

  Given under my hand and seal of office this

3rd day of Dec. A.D. 1909.

Seal                                  Jno. Reinhard

                                         Clk. C. C. K. Co.

Filed for record in my office the 3rd December 1909

At 11 o’clock A. M. and recorded the 10th December

1909 at 3 o’clock. P. M.

                                         John Reinhard

                                         Co. Clk. Kendall Co. Tex.

                                         By Henry East, Deputy

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I had a great idea, but I am a digital native and can not figure out how to make it work. Most likely, I am using the wrong program. I planned to make an interactive chart listing the children and grandchildren of Philipp and Marie Peters Bauer. I made the chart but could not figure out how to make it interactive and work on WordPress simultaneously. I probably should have checked first to see if it was possible to do this. I do not think it is. I like my chart and decided to post it anyway. So, instead of clicking on a person’s name, go to the sidebar on the right and in the Search box type in the person’s name or scroll down to Categories, click on Bauer. To be a digital native must be bliss…

Do you know any stories about the Philipp Bauer family? Please add one in the comments. I would love to hear from you.

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Philipp Bauer

When did Philipp Bauer arrive in Texas?  A question I have tossed around for quite a while.  1854 is the date used for his arrival to Texas, and I have also used it, but I do not know where the date originated.  I am unable to locate a ship manifest with an 1854 arrival date.  I did find a manifest for a Philipp Bauer who sailed on the ship Ammerland and landed in Galveston, Texas, on 28 October 1851.   On board ship there were eight families from the same town of “Eenkirch.”  The translator was uncertain of the spelling of the town.  I looked in Meyers Gazetteer for the “Eenkirch,” but one was not listed.  However, there was an Enkirch, Zell, Coblenz, Rheinland, Preussen. 

Many of the people who settled in the Texas Hill Country were from the Rheinland area.  There were other families or single persons from the same town aboard the ship.  They were Georg Hant and his wife, Phil. Jac. Wagener, wife and three children; Joh. Carl Georg, wife and two children; Phil. Carl Georg; Sop. Elisab. Georg; Dan Mueller, wife and four children; and Philipp Kunz.  The specific destination is not recorded for these families, but Hant, Wagener, and Georg families from Enkirch settled in Comal County. Phillip Bauer’s oldest daughter, Bertha, married Eduard Georg, the son of Phil. Carl (Charles) and Sophie Georg,  in 1879 in Comal County.  The 1900 Census lists the year of immigration for Philipp as 1850.  I feel the 1851 Ammerland manifest lists my Philipp Bauer.

1900 Kendall County Census, next to the word Germany is the year of immigration

Philipp Bauer was born on 21 June 1820.  He married Marie Peters in Comal County on 10 August 1855.  I obtained a copy of the marriage license in 1999, and that is when I realized Philipp had not married Marie Busch.  A grand aunt told me he married Marie Busch when the Kendall County Historical Commission was putting together the book Rivers, Ranches, Railroads, Recreation: A History of Kendall County.  I did not double-check Marie’s maiden name.  The deadline was fast approaching, so I went with it.  That mistake has haunted me. 

The family story is Philipp and Marie knew each other in Prussia.  She arrived in New Braunfels and wrote Philipp telling him there were jobs available.  He decided to immigrate, and then they married.  I recently located another version of this story.  Marie arrived two years before Philipp and was working in a hotel in New Braunfels.  She wrote Philipp about work available in the area.   He was a carpenter by trade.  Present day Enkirch, is known for its historic timber houses. The 1900 census states Marie arrived in 1846.  She would have been twenty-one.  Did Marie come with her parents or another relative?  I do not know.  I have not been able to connect her to the Peter/Peters families living in Comal County at the time.  She may have come with relatives and then had to work at the hotel to support herself.

In the fall of 1859, two men, Herman Seele and John Schumacher*, spoke on Philipp’s behalf, stating they had known him for five years and he was a man of good moral character.  Philipp became a citizen of the United States and received a naturalization certificate.

Philipp Bauer’s naturalization in the Comal County District Court Minutes, Vol C, 243p.

On the Comal County 1856 Tax Roll, Philipp Bauer had 160 acres of preemption land on the Guadalupe River from Survey 72.  He owned one horse valued at  $50.00, 1 buggy valued at $150.00, merchandise on hand valued at $250.00.  The total value was $3500.00.  He paid .75 for poll tax, $5.221/2 for state tax, and $2.91¼ for county tax. On the 1857 Tax Roll, he owned 160 acres, one horse, and ten head of cattle.  He must have sold the buggy and decided not to have merchandise on hand.   The stream nearest his land was Curry’s Creek.  Sam Houston was governor at the time and signed land patent.  It was here Philipp built a log cabin.  He later received two more land patents in Kendall County, 156 5/10 acres in Survey 306 and 160 acres in Survey 730. 

In 1893 Philipp and Marie sold their land to their son Ernst for $1500.00.  The couple placed a stipulation in the deed stating, “reserve to ourselves from this conveyance for the full term of our natural life the use and ownership of our present dwelling house, also the use and enjoyment of five acres of farming land now in cultivation in our field or farm.  At the death of both of these grantors the property and premises hereby reserved shall become the possession of the grantee Ernst Bauer…” Philipp was 73 and Marie 66 years of age.  Rosa Bauer, Ernst’s wife, sold the land in 1934 to Max Hofheinz.   The house and property are now part of the Guadalupe River State Park in Spring Branch, Texas.

Indians were roaming the area when the Bauer family moved to their land. It makes me wonder what kinds of experiences they had.  In 1855 at Judge William E. Jones‘ place along Curry’s Creek,  two men searching for oxen were attacked by Indians.  These Indians had stolen several horses from Sisterdale and the surrounding area the night before.  Raids in upper Comal County along the Blanco and Guadalupe Rivers were a common occurrence.  Groups of men would pursue them when these raids occurred, but there is no record showing Philipp took part in them.  Eyewitness accounts at the time stated all persons needed to be armed even if they were going to the barn because they never knew when a raid would occur.

Phillip’s land had initially been in Comal County.  In 1858 it became part of Blanco County. The 1860 Agriculture Schedule gives an idea of how his farm operated.  He had 10 acres of improved land and 150 unimproved lands.  His farm’s value was $300.00, and he owned $50.00 worth of farming implements and machinery.  He had two milk cows, two working oxen, 18 other cattle, and ten swine.  He grew Indian corn, and when the census was taken, he had 40 bushels on hand.

Ph. Bauer selling corn, recorded in J. F. Stendebach’s log book, undated

After the Federal troops left the state at the beginning of the Civil War, Indian raids occurred with renewed vigor.  The State of Texas organized troops to help with the Indian situation. Philipp’s name does not appear on any surviving lists.  After the war, while Texas was under military rule, any man who wanted to vote had to register in 1867.  Philipp does not show up on the Kendall, Blanco, or Comal voter lists.  In previous years he paid his poll tax, so it seems he voted prior the war.

By 1900, Philipp and Marie lived with Carl and Louise Wessely, their daughter, son-in-law, and family.  In this time, older people generally lived with one of their children, so they had someone to care for them.  When the family could not take care of them any longer and were exhibiting irrational behavior that could not be controlled, a family member could petition the court for a lunacy hearing.  This is what happened to Philipp Bauer.  We can only speculate what was happening, maybe dementia.  The case was brought forward by his son-in-law Carl Wessely, Jr.   On 8 November 1901, Kendall County Judge Henry Theis heard the case State of Texas vs. Philipp Bauer. These seven questions and answers were presented to the court.

  1. Is Philip Bauer, the Defendant, of unsound mind?   Ans. Yes
  2. If the Defendant is of unsound mind, is it necessary that he be placed under restraint?  Ans. Yes
  3. If you answer both the foregoing questions in the affirmative, then what is the age and nativity of the Defendant? Ans. Age 82 years, native of Germany
  4. How many attacks of insanity has he had and how long has the present attack existed?  Ans. Off and on, for the last six mths. Ans. The last attack lasted 8 days.
  5. Is insanity hereditary in the family of the Defendant or not?  Ans. No
  6. Is the Defendant possessed of any estate, if so, of what does it consist and its estimated value? Ans. $300 note
  7. If the Defendant is possessed of any estate, are there any persons legally liable for his support, if yea name them.  Ans. According to the evidence   none

This document was signed by the jurors,  F. W. Horner, Wm. Vanderstratten, Willie Stendebach, J. S. Crist, G. Forshon, R. Schwarz.

The decision of the court: “Whereupon it is adjudged, that the said Phillip Bauer is a lunatic and it is ordered by the Court, that he be conveyed to the Lunatic Asylum at San Antonio County of Bexar, for restraint and treatment, and that the costs of this proceeding be agrudged against.” H. Theis, County Judge Kendall

Lunatic Asylum in San Antonio

Philipp Bauer died at the asylum six weeks later, on 5 January 1902.  He was buried in the Kreutzberg Cemetery in Kendall County.  According to his wife, Marie’s obituary, she “had been ill since the death of her husband three years ago.”  I wonder if she ever saw him again.

*John Schumacher arrived in New Braunfels in 1845 with his wife, Margarite.  In 1860 he was a landlord.  John is from Rosdorf, Hesse-Cassel.  Could he be the owner of the hotel where Marie Peters worked?

Do you have a story about Philipp Bauer? Share it in the comments. I would love to learn more about my great-great-grandfather.

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Bauer, Mrs. Mary. San Antonio Express (San Antonio, Texas) 15 March 1905.

Bauer-Peters.  Comal County Marriage Records. County Clerk’s Office. New Braunfels, Texas.

Bauer, Philipp. Kendall County Probate Minutes, Vol. 4, 79p.  County Clerk’s Office. Boerne, Texas.

Carmack, George. “A New Park in Our Future.” San Antonio Express-News, 13 August 1977.

Comal County Tax Rolls, 1856, 1857, 1858.

District Court Minutes, Vol C, 243p. Comal County District Clerk. New Braunfels, Texas.

“Enkirch”, Meyers Gazetteer. Meyers Gazetteer – An online, searchable version with historical maps

Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association.

Kendall County Deed Records, V. 14, 426-429p.

Kneuper, Bernard F., translator,  Allegemeine Auswanderer Zeitung, 13 December 1851. Sophienburg Archives. New   Braunfels, Texas.

1860 Comal County Census.

Stendebach, J. F. logbook. Dietert Historical Archives, Patrick Heath Public Library

San Antonio Express (San Antonio, TX), Vol. XL, 74, p 7, March 15, 1905,

Mrs. Mary Bauer

“Boerne, Tex., March 14 – Mrs. Mary Bauer died yesterday afternoon at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Chas Wessly[sic], at Kreuzberg   Interment was made at Kreutzberg cemetery at 1 o clock today   Mrs. Bauer was 76 years of age and had been ill since the death of her husband three years ago   She was born in Germany, but came to Kendall county fifty years ago.  One son and three daughters mourn her loss Ernst Bauer, Mrs. Chas. Wessely and Mrs. Bertha George of Kendall county, and Mrs. Henry Schuz [sic Schuetz] of Blanco.”

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Edward and Bertha Bauer George had four children.  They were all born in Bexar County, Texas.  These are my Grandma Lillie Schuetz Adam’s first cousins and my first cousins twice removed.

Edward George and family, 1900 Bexar County Census

Amanda George was born on 27 February 1882.  On 30 April 1898, she married John Goins in Atascosa County, and they had three children, Emma, and twins, Earl Ray and Pearl Fay.  When the twins were seven, she married Albert Padier on 19 January 1917.  They were married in Bexar County by Lewis H. Morey.   George P. and Hilma Morey were witnesses.   Bexar County Clerk, Frank R. Newton, recorded Albert’s last name as Padilla.  In 1943, Amanda corrected the spelling to Padier. 

Albert and Amanda had two children, Wilton and Albert, Jr.  In 1930, the family lived in Atascosa County, and Albert is working as a laborer in a sandpit.  They live two doors down from her sister Lillie and family. 

On her son Wilton’s World War II registration card, he is described as 6’1”, brown eyes, black hair, and dark complexed.  Albert is described as 5’ 9”, hazel eyes, black hair, and dark complexed.  On the 1940 census, both Wilton and Albert are farmhands on their father’s farm.  The Padier family lives next door to the Hugo George family and Bertha George on 66 Hi-way.

Amanda’s grandson, Wilton, Jr, enlisted in the Army in 1968 when the United States was involved in the Vietnam conflict.  His tour of duty began in December of 1968.  In November 1969, the helicopter he was flying in was shot down by hostile ground fire.  Wilton is buried in Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery.  Wilton was a graduate of Harlandale High School in San Antonio.

Amanda died on 5 August 1956.  She is buried in the Jourdanton Cemetery in Atascosa County, Texas.  She was 74 years old.

Hugo George, their second child, was born on 13 May 1885.  Hugo married Olivia McGraw on 6 November 1907 in Bexar County.  In 1910, Hugo and Olivia were living with her parents.  Eight years later, he wrote on his WWI Registration card that he worked as a laborer with Wagner Sand Company. By 1920, he is farming, and they have four children.  By 1930, they have a total of seven children.

Hugo George and Family, 1930 Bexar County Census

Hugo is described as 56 years old and living on Highway 66 in San Antonio on his WWII Registration Card.  He is 6’, 219 pounds, blue eyes, brown hair, with a light complexion. 

His wife, Olivia, died in 1951 and was buried in the George Family Cemetery.  Hugo died eight years later and was buried next to her.

Lillie Mary George was born in 31 January 1891.  She married George McGraw 18 September 1906. In 1910 they lived in Precinct 4 of Bexar County, where George farmed for a living.  They later moved to Wilson County, where George worked as a laborer. In 1920 the family lived in Atascosa County, where George works as a laborer in a sandpit.  Lillie and George had twelve children. When she died in 1938, they were living in Bexar County on Route 7.  She was 47 years old.  Her youngest child was three.

George McGraw and Lillie George, Bexar County Marriage Records

In the San Antonio Light 25 April 1945 issue, George and Lillie’s son, August, was interviewed while home on leave.  He enlisted as a private in the Army on 18 April 1941 at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio.  The Army sent August to the Southwest Pacific Theatre: Philippines Islands.   He was captured in April 1942 in Bataan.  He traveled by truck  from Bataan to Camp O’Donnell, where he was on the burial detail to bury “prisoners of war who survived the death march but not the rigors of camp life.”  He was moved three more times to other camps, but he said Camp O’Donnell was the worst.  When he entered the first camp, he weighed 160 pounds, and when he was liberated on 4 February 1945, he weighed 115 pounds.  August died in 1991 and is buried at the Fort Sam National Cemetery.

San Antonio Light, 25 April 1945

Lillie’s husband, George, died in 1962 and is buried at the George Family Cemetery.

Oscar George was born on 10 July 1896.  On his WWI Registration card, he is described as having blue eyes and sandy color hair.  His address was R.F.D. #D, Box 120, San Antonio, Texas.  In 1942 when he registered for the Old Man’s Draft, his address was Route 7, Box 413.  He is 45, 6’ tall, blue eyes, and gray hair.  Oscar lived on the family farm until he died in 1987.  He was buried in the George Family Cemetery.

Do you have a story to tell about Amanda, Hugo, Lillie, or Oscar? Please share it in the comments. I would love to hear a story about one or all.

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1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940 census.

Tombstones and burial locations. Find a Grave, database and images,

Texas, County Marriage Index, 1837 – 1977.

Texas, Death Records.

“Vet of Jap Prisons Home on Leave.” San Antonio Light (San Antonio, Tex.) 25 April 1945.

World War I Registration Cards.

Bertha Bauer George
Photo courtesy Susie, a great-granddaughter

When Bertha Bauer was born in 1857,  her parents, Philipp and Marie Peters Bauer, lived in Comal County.  Her father was an experienced carpenter. As soon as he acquired land, he probably built a small log cabin for his family.   Like most Germans who came to Texas, her father was a farmer.  When she was born,  he owned 160 acres of land along Curry’s Creek.  She grew up living and working on the farm.  It was self-sufficient with cows for milk, chicken for eggs, pigs and cattle for meat, a vegetable garden, and most likely fruit trees.

It took several hours by horse and buggy to travel to New Braunfels for supplies.   New Braunfels was the fourth largest city in the state when Bertha was born.  The Bauer farm became part of Blanco County In 1858, and in 1862, it became part of Kendall County. Her brothers and sisters, Otto, Louise, Ernst, and Emma, were all born in Kendall County.

Comal County 1857

Bertha married Eduard Georg on 3 September 1879 in Comal County.  Eduard parent’s Philipp Carl “Charles” Georg and Sophie Georg traveled on the same ship as her father.   According to the ship manifest, they came from the same town, Enkirch in Prussia.  Bertha and Eduard probably knew each other as children growing up.  When Bertha and Eduard married, they moved to Bexar County and lived in Precinct 2.  They had been married nine months when the 1880 census was taken. Eduard was 26, and Bertha was 23. Eduard is farming, and she is keeping house. 

In 1882, Edward George applied to receive a pre-emption land patent for 160 acres in Bexar County, stating he “settled upon vacant public domain” land in accordance with the Homestead Donation Act approved by the State of Texas in 1870.  In 1894, two citizens, B. D. Shield and J. P. Payton, stated in a swore Proof of Occupancy affidavit that Edward George lived on this land.

Edward George signature on Land Patent, 1882

In 1888, their property was valued at $420.00. Edward owned two mules valued at $25.00 and 15 head of cattle valued at $90.00. He paid a total of $4.90 for state and local taxes, plus he paid .38 for a railroad subsidy. Six years later, their property was valued at $480.00. Edward owned two wagons valued at $40.00, tools and machinery, valued at $20.00, one mule valued at $90.00, and five head of cattle valued at $25.00. He paid $6.24 in state and county taxes plus .41 for a railroad subsidy. Included in his state and county taxes, he paid $1.50 for state poll tax and .25 for county poll tax.

Edward and Bertha had four children, two boys and two girls.  Amanda (Robert Reynolds Goins, Albert Padier) was born 27 February 1882, Hugo (Olivia McGraw), 13 May 1885, Lillie Mary (George McGraw), January 1891, and Oscar, 10 July 1896.

In 1900, the family lived in Precinct 6 in Bexar County on Rockport Road near Pleasanton Road.  They owned their farm, and it was free of mortgage. Everyone could read and write except for Lillie and Oscar.   In 1910, Mary Georg was recorded as living with George and Lillie McGraw. She is listed as the mother-in-law to the head of household and her marital status is widowed.  Her son Oscar, age 14, is also living with them.

In 1919, Bertha agreed to lease their 160 acres for five years to Fred Maule. The lease stated it was “for the sole and only purpose of mining and operating for oil and gas, and of laying pipe lines, and of building tanks, powers, stations and structure thereon to produce, save and take care of said products…” She was paid $85.00 for the five year lease. Her husband, Edward, was with her when she signed the document so I am unsure why she is listed as a widow in 1900.

Signature on Oil and Gas Lease, 1919

She was not living with the McGraw family in 1920.  They are living in Atascosa County.  In 1930, Bertha and her son Oscar live next door to her oldest son Hugo and family on Campbelton Road in Precinct 6.  She owns her home valued at $1600.00.  In 1940, the census stated she lives on 66 Hi-way next door to her daughter, Amanda Padier, and husband Albert and family.  Her son Oscar lives with her.

Her husband Edward died on 12 March 1926, and Bertha died on 16 February 1947.  They are both buried in George Family Cemetery in Bexar County.

George Family Cemetery, Bexar County, Texas

When Bertha died in 1947, her son Hugo was the executor of her will.  Bertha authorized and empowered her executor to sell and distribute all her real property.  Oscar, her son, purchased the property for $1.00.

Bexar County Deeds, V. 2675, p167

Although, their address changed on each census, Bertha did not move. As San Antonio grew, the addresses and roads changed, but Bertha continued to live on the land her husband acquired for them.

Note: Georg was originally spelled without an e.  The spelling was “Americanized” in the 1880s by adding an e at the end. The spelling of Eduard changed to Edward. This happened to many German names.

Bertha is my Grandma Lillie Adam’s aunt.

Do you have a story to tell about Bertha? Please share it in the comments. I would love to hear a story about her.

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Bertha Bauer George, DC,

Bertha George Estate, Bexar County Deed Records, Vol. 2675, p167.

Comal County, Texas, 1857,” House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,

Edward George, #1079, Land Patent, Texas General Land Office.

1880, 1900, 1910, 1930, 1940 Bexar County Census Records,

Oil and Gas Lease, Bexar County Deed Records, Vol. 565, p178.

Philipp Bauer, 1860 Non Population Census,

Texas County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910,

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