Heinrich Carl and Katharina Fries Schütz
At age seven, Carl came to Texas with his parents Friedrich Ludwig and Maria Margaretha Held Schütz in 1845. The family settled in New Braunfels.
A month ago I didn’t know the name of my fourth great Schütz grandfather and wasn’t even sure I would ever know. Every time I look at the records I found at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City I get excited all over again. The death record of Johann Gerlach Schütz was full of information!
John Gerlach Schütz
Friedrich Ludwig and Maria Margaretha Held Schütz’s third child was named Christian Ludwig. He was born in Langenbach on 27 June 1843. At the end of October 1845, Ludwig, Maria Margaretha and two children set sail on the ship Harriet for Texas. They arrived in Galveston at the end of December. My great-Aunt Annie Schuetz Saunders said there was a boy who died during the voyage and was buried at sea. It was Christian Ludwig and he would have been almost 2 ½ years old. Christian Ludwig’s birth record is the second entry.
Schütz, Christian Ludwig Birth Record, Hessen-Nassau, Prussia, Germany. Evangelische Dirche Kirburg, Langenbach, Amt. Hachenburg (Oberwesterwaldkeis) Book III: 16, 1842-1851; microfilm reel 2003138
I recently returned from a trip to the Family History Library in Salt Lake City with the Genealogical Society of Kendall County. My goal was to find some of my German ancestors. The Schütz family has been on my mind because I have been filling out the application for the Daughters of the Republic of Texas. Not being able to read German or German script I didn’t have high hopes of really finding anything. I did have a German script chart and practiced writing Schütz until I was able to recognize it. So armed with the name of the town, the German script chart, dates and names, I began my search. After looking at several microfilm reels that I thought were the correct ones and weren’t, I was ready to give up. I changed my mind and searched the catalog again and that’s when I found reel 2003138. Not only was I able to recognize the name Schütz but the recorder had wonderful handwriting and didn’t write totally in German script! Bless him! The first person I found was Friedrich Wilhelm Schütz.. He was the child the family said died before they came to Texas. He was born 19 January 1841 to Friedrich Ludwig Schütz and Maria Margaretha the daughter of Johannes Peter Held! (Woo hoo! another generation!) The birth was recorded in the church book from Kirburg, village of Langenbach, Amt. Hachenburg. The birth, marriage, and death records were on the same reel and I was able to find Friedrich Wilhelm death record. He died 7 October 1842. Love it when I can find records to match what the family has been saying all along!!
Birth Record for Friedrich Wilhelm Schütz
Hessen-Nassau, Prussia, Germany, Evangelische Dirche Kirburg (Oberwesterwaldkreis) Book II:62, 1830-1841; FHL microfilm 2,003,138.
Hessen-Nassau, Prussia, Germany, Evangelische Dirche Kirburg (Oberwesterwaldkreis) Book III:136, 1842-1851; FHL microfilm 2,003,138.
Bexar County Marriage Certificate #4623, 25 August 1874, Bergmann-Kellan, San Antonio.
Friedrich Ludwig his wife, Marie Margarethe, their sons Carl and Louis left their home in Langenbach, which was located in the Province of Hachenburg in the dukedom of Nassau in the fall of 1845. Traveling with the family was Ludwig’s brother, Johann Peter Schütz. This small group traveled to Antwerp to board the ship Harriet that was set to sail on 31 October. Before boarding, Ludwig and Peter signed an Einwanderungs Vertrag or Immigration contract with the Verein Zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas, Protection of German Immigrants in Texas. By signing the contract, Ludwig, as a married man, was entitled to 640 acres of land and Peter, an unmarried man, was entitled to 320 acres in the Fisher Miller Grant. For a fee the Verein made arrangements for the sea voyage, land transportation upon arrival, food, housing, grain and implements. The Verein also promised to provide churches and school for the settlers in their new settlement.
The voyage to Texas lasted two months. Not only did the Schuetz family face the hardships of traveling across the Atlantic Ocean, they also faced the death of their son Louis who was buried at sea. In Maria Margarethe Hild Schuetz’s obituary which was published in the Neu Braunfelser Zeitung on 17 November 1904, it was stated “…[Maria] came in 1845 with her husband under the auspices of the Adelsverein to Texas. On December 27, they landed in Galveston and then from there they went to Indianola where they stayed about 8 days.” From Indianola the family traveled in oxen-drawn wagons. They made overnight stops in Agua Dulce, McCoy’s Creek, Gonzales, Seguin and finally to the new village of New Braunfels.
The Schütz family learned that the land in the Fisher-Miller Grant was unsafe for settlers because it was located in Comanche territory. The family stayed in New Braunfels and Ludwig worked as a laborer. In 1848 Ludwig and Peter were issued certificates for the land in the Fisher Miller Grant but the family decided to stay in New Braunfels. By this time Peter had died and the family had increased. Theodore, a daughter, was born 24 July 1847. Three years later their last child, Wilhelm “William”, was born on 24 May 1850.
Ludwig supported his new homeland. In 1849 he signed a document stating his intention to become a citizen of the United States and that his name was Friedrich Ludwig Schütz. He became a naturalized citizen in 1851. In 1847 the Verein was out of money and did not built the churches and schools as promised. So in 1850, the First Protestant Church of New Braunfels was organized by 136 heads of households of which Ludwig was one. Each signer agreed: “We obligate ourselves willing to bring an annual contribution in amounts as set by the church council in order to allot our pastor a reasonable salary and for the present contribute at least 50 cents quarterly into the treasury.” Eleven years later when the Civil War started, he chose to support the Confederacy and served in the 31st Brigade of Texas State Troops as a private in Company A.
By the 1870s Ludwig and Marie were living on a farm in Blanco County near the Little Blanco River. In 1892 Ludwig, now called Louis, died at the age of 78 and was buried on the land where he lived.
Gregory, Rosemarie Leissner and Myra Lee Adams Goff. A Journey in Faith: The History of First Protestant Church New Braunfels, Texas 1844-1995. Austin: Nortex Press, 1994
Immigration contract for Ludwig Schütz. General Land Office, Austin, Texas. October 1845, http://www.glo.texas.gov/ncu/SCANDOCS/archives_webfiles/arcmaps/webfiles/landgrants/PDFs/1/0/2/7/1027493.pdf
“Friedrich Ludwig Schütz Naturalization” Comal County District Court Fall Term, November 1849, p186, New Braunfels, TX